A kind of tinnitus known as pulsatile tinnitus is characterized by a pulse-like sound in one or both ears. It may indicate an underlying medical problem or be brought on by several lifestyle choices. We’ll look at the causes of pulsatile tinnitus and advise on how to identify likely reasons and lessen symptoms.
Common Causes of Pulsatile Tinnitus
A rhythmic or pulsating sound in the ears is a defining characteristic of pulsatile tinnitus, a kind of tinnitus. It often results from an underlying medical problem and may significantly affect a person’s quality of life. One of the most frequent reasons for pulsatile tinnitus is an abnormal growth, like a tumor, in the blood arteries close to the ears.
Pulsatile tinnitus may also be brought on by high blood pressure, neck artery narrowing, and atherosclerosis, a disorder that causes narrowing. Pulsatile tinnitus may also result from a perilymph fistula (PLF), an opening between the middle and inner ears.
This form of tinnitus may also be brought on by loud noises that harm the inner ear. Middle ear fluid buildup or ear wax accumulation may also bring it on. Disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) may also be a cause. Lastly, pulsatile tinnitus may also be brought on by anemia or other blood diseases. If you encounter this condition, you should visit a doctor immediately. A doctor may suggest possible treatments and assist in determining the underlying problem.
Diagnosing Pulsatile Tinnitus
A clinician often performs a physical examination and a study of the patient’s medical history to identify pulsatile tinnitus. An MRI or CT scan are imaging procedures that may be performed to determine the condition’s underlying cause. Blood testing may be performed to find hidden illnesses like anemia or aberrant hormone levels.
Hearing tests may sometimes be required to rule out alternative tinnitus causes, such as hearing loss brought on by noise. It is also possible to utilize echocardiograms or electrocardiograms to look for any cardiac abnormalities that could be the source of your pulsatile tinnitus.
It is essential to remember that although pulsatile tinnitus may sometimes be caused by external circumstances, it can also be a symptom of a core medical disease. These include alterations in the blood flow in the inner ear or certain drugs. Temporary changes in the ear canal caused by allergies or ear infections may also occur. You should see your doctor to determine the possible underlying cause.
Pulsatile Tinnitus Treatments
The condition of pulsatile tinnitus may be very distressing and challenging to treat. Fortunately, some therapies may aid in symptom reduction or even symptom eradication.
Pulsatile tinnitus may be effectively treated with vascular surgery. The symptoms may be lessened by surgery to correct any vascular anomalies or stenosis (blockages). Additionally, drugs that lower cholesterol and blood pressure may be beneficial.
Another successful therapy for pulsatile tinnitus is noise reduction. The sound of pulsatile tinnitus may be diminished using earplugs or headphones with noise-canceling capabilities. Yoga, meditation, and other relaxation practices may also aid in lowering stress and tension, which can exacerbate pulsatile tinnitus.
Additionally helpful is talking to a licensed counselor. Counseling might aid in managing the stress and worry that can sometimes worsen the condition. Hearing aids may also assist in muffling the sound of tinnitus.
Must I See a Doctor for Pulsatile Tinnitus?
This particular form of tinnitus may indicate an underlying medical issue. High blood pressure, anemia, atherosclerosis, tumors, Meniere’s disease, and aberrant blood vessel formation in the ear are among the most typical causes of pulsatile tinnitus.
To identify the underlying reason for your pulsatile tinnitus and create a suitable treatment plan, you must speak with a physician or expert if you suffer from it. See a doctor if your tinnitus persists for more than two weeks or worsens or if you suffer pulsatile tinnitus symptoms like pressure or fullness in your ears. To assist them in identifying the source of your tinnitus, your doctor could request tests like an MRI or CT scan.
Are There Any Lifestyle Changes I Can Make to Reduce the Symptoms of Pulsatile Tinnitus?
Minimizing stress and anxiety via relaxation methods like yoga and meditation is one of the most crucial measures for reducing symptoms. Additionally, it’s vital to stay away from noisy areas and use earplugs if you must be around loud sounds. Alcohol, nicotine, and other stimulants like coffee should also be avoided since they may worsen tinnitus symptoms.
A balanced diet is essential for minimizing the signs and symptoms of pulsatile tinnitus. Avoiding meals with salt, sugar, and MSG helps lessen the severe symptoms. It’s crucial to regularly exercise, get enough sleep, and manage any hypertension that may be present.
It is advisable to discuss alternate drugs or therapies with your doctor if you are taking medications that may exacerbate your tinnitus symptoms. Maintaining a regular sleep pattern and avoiding physically demanding activities that might raise your blood pressure is also crucial. These easy methods may assist in easing the effects of pulsatile tinnitus.