The tarragon plant is aromatic and is one of the few that does not grow wild in Mediterranean countries; thus, it was not known in classical ages. The Arabs brought it to Spain between the 9th and 10th centuries. From there, is cultivation spread to the rest of Europe and America.
Tarragon is highly appreciated as a seasoning in French cuisine. However, its medicinal properties make this plant more than just a simple spice.
Tarragon Plant Scientific Facts
- Other names: Estragon.
- French: Estragon.
- Spanish: Estragon.
- Environment: Native to Central Asia, though cultivated and sometimes growing wild all over Europe and some American Countries.
- Description: Vivacious, aromatic plant of the Compositae family, growing from 60 to 80 cm high, with lanceolate leaves and yellowish flowers which gather in small, spherical heads.
- Parts used: Leaves and flower heads.
Healing Properties and Warning
The whole plant contains an essential oil rich in estragol, phelandren, and ocymen, and hydroxycoumarin. Its properties are as follows:
- Appetizer, digestive, and carminative (eliminates intestinal gas).
- Antiseptic on pathogenic germs of the digestive tract.
- Emmenagogue: It stimulates menstruation.
- Vermifuge: It expels intestinal parasites.
Tarragon is thus recommended for lack of appetite, bloated stomach, flatulence, intestinal fermentation, and intestinal parasites.
WARNING! Never exceed the recommended dose of the essence since it can produce an intense stimulation of the nervous system.
How to use Tarragon
- Seasoning: In salads and all kinds of meals.
- Infusion with 30g of plant per liter of water. Drink a cup before each meal as an appetizer and after each meal as a digestive.
- Essence: The recommended dose is from three to five drops, three times a day.
George D. Pamplona-Roger, M.D. “Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants.” George D. Pamplona-Roger, M.D. Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants. Ed. Francesc X. Gelabert. vols. 2 San Fernando de Henares: Editorial Safeliz, 2000. 430. Print. [tarragon plant]