In this potassium rich foods chart, you will find natural fruits and vegetables and plant-based foods that are good sources of this all-important mineral. They also have the advantage of being low in sodium, a benefit that protects against arterial hypertension instead of meat derivatives, preserves, and salt-preserved foods.
People who consume a healthy diet consisting of meals on the following potassium rich food chart should naturally get plenty of this vital mineral. Failure to get adequate amounts of potassium can result in heart disease, stroke, cancer, digestive disorders, infertility, arthritis, and high blood pressure. Your physician may recommend supplements and an improved diet consisting of meals high in potassium.
Chemical composition of potassium: mineral element.
Sources of potassium: Potassium is widely distributed throughout all foods, both plant, and animal-based, although plant-based foods predominate.
Potassium absorption: Potassium is absorbed quickly in the small intestine. Typically 90% of potassium in foods is absorbed.
Potassium function: Potassium is the third most abundant mineral in the body after calcium and phosphorus and is the ion present in the highest concentration within the cells. It is involved mainly in the following processes:
- Acid-base balance,
- Muscular relaxation,
- Secretion of insulin in the pancreas.
Deficiency symptoms: muscle weakness and cardiac rhythm disorders. When there is a sodium-potassium imbalance with predominant sodium, arterial hypertension is the result. A potassium deficiency is more likely to arise in the following situations:
- The use of a variety of different medicines, such as diuretics.
- Physically demanding careers.
- Sweating profusely while exercising in hot climates.
- Conditions that affect the digestive absorption of the mineral, such as Crohn’s disease.
- Eating disorders.
- Alcohol and drug abuse.
- Excess sodium: when a great deal of sodium is taken in due to a diet rich in meat derivatives, preserves, and salt-preserved foods, the need for potassium increases. This is because there must be a sodium-potassium balance in the blood and all body fluids, and by extension, foods.
- Loss through body fluids rich in potassium: intense vomiting or diarrhea, polyuria (excess urine production).
Potassium loss during the processing of foods: Only that dissolved in the cooking water.
Potassium Rich Foods Chart
|Food (per each 100 g of raw edible portion)||Quantity|
|RED TOMATO||222 mg|
|COCONUT MILK||250 mg|
|WHOLE-GRAIN BREAD||252 mg|
|WHEAT GERM||892 mg|
|BLACKSTRAP MOLASSES||2,492 mg|
|COTTAGE CHEESE, 1% FAT||85.5 mg|
|FRESH EGG||121 mg|
|COW’S MILK||152 mg|
|CAMEMBERT CHEESE||187 mg|
|TUNA CANNED IN OIL||207 mg|
|TURKEY, MEAT||296 mg|
|% Daily Value (based on a 2000 calorie diet)||provided by 100 g of this food|
How Much Potassium Per Day
The amount of potassium daily depends on various factors, including how healthy you are, ethnicity, and activity level. However, there is no RDI for this mineral, so health officials from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other countries such as Spain, Mexico, Belgium, and the UK recommend ingesting at least 3500 mg per day with the use of high potassium foods.
On the other hand, countries such as Canada, South Korea, Bulgaria, and the USA recommend ingesting at least 4700 mg per day via meals on the potassium rich foods chart. However, it appears that there are no added health benefits when consuming more than 4700 mg daily.
However, they’re quite a few groups of individuals that can benefit immensely from meeting the higher recommendation, such as:
- African Americans: According to studies, the consumption of 4700 mg of potassium daily can get rid of sensitivity to salt, which is a condition that is common among African Americans.
- Athletes: Because these people are susceptible to significant potassium loss through excessive sweating.
- High-risk groups: People suffering from kidney stones, osteoporosis, stroke, or high blood pressure can benefit immensely from consuming 4700 mg of potassium daily.
George D. Pamplona-Roger, M.D. “Encyclopedia of Foods and Their Healing Power.” George D. Pamplona-Roger, M.D. Encyclopedia of Foods and Their Healing Power. Trans. Annette Melgosa. Vol. 1. Chai Wan: Editorial Safeliz, 2005. 402. Print. [Potassium rich foods chart]